The Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative of the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (Amti-CSIS) released satellite photos dated August 5 showing reclamation work on Tree Island and North Island in the Paracel Islands, which are disputed by Vietnam and China.
“Amti has carefully documented Vietnam’s expansion of its facilities in the Spratlys, including dredging and reclamation work [on] several islets. But China’s own reclamation work did not end in mid-2015 with the completion of its artificial islands in the Spratlys,” the think tank said on its website.
“Beijing continues to reclaim land farther north, in the Paracel Islands. The two most recent examples of this are at Tree Island and North Island in the Amphitrite Group. Amti previously reported on work at these features, which has continued in recent months.
“The South China Sea doesn’t only include the Spratly Islands and for Vietnam, developments on the disputed Paracels are just as destabilising. Vietnam and all the Southeast Asian claimants also have an interest in deterring future island building, for instance at Scarborough Shoal,” Amti said, using the international name of Panatag Shoal.
“Both Beijing and Hanoi have undertaken dredging and reclamation work as recently as early 2017. Neither approaches the scale of what China did from late 2013 to mid 2015 but any such work is environmentally destructive, undermines regional stability and warrants mention in diplomatic statements,” it added.
Cayetano admitted the Philippines was among those countries that did not want to include criticism of China’s land reclamation and militarisation in the Spratlys in the joint communique issued by Asean foreign ministers after their meeting in Manila last week.
“It’s not reflective of the present position. They’re not reclaiming land anymore, so why will you put it again this year?” Cayetano said.
Asean diplomats said earlier drafts of the statement were silent on China’s island building and militarisation of the South China Sea.
A stronger statement was released on August 6, in which the foreign ministers said that after an extensive discussion related to the South China Sea, they took note “of the concerns expressed by some ministers on the land reclamation and activities in the area, which have eroded trust and confidence, increased tensions and may undermine peace, security and stability in the region”.
Cayetano’s statement echoed that of Wang, who said China stopped reclamation work in 2015.
Amti said that since August 2015 China “has dredged a new harbour and added about 9.75 hectares of additional land” to Tree Island.
“China has recently completed a new helipad and installed renewable energy infrastructure in the form of wind turbines and two photovoltaic solar arrays on Tree Island,” Amti said.
Satellite photos also showed that China continued its efforts to connect North Island and Middle Island in 2016.
After a typhoon washed out the bridge in October last year, China began to undertake reclamation anew on the southern end of North Island and “built a retaining wall around the 2.73 hectares of new land to prevent further erosion”.
There are also several newly built facilities, including what appears to be a large administrative building in a fresh clearing on the island, Amti said.
“China has left a gap in the retaining wall facing the remnants of the washed-out land bridge, suggesting it might not have abandoned plans to connect North and Middle islands,” it said.