SEOUL/UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) – South Korea said on Tuesday an
agreement with the United States to scrap a weight limit on its
warheads would help it respond to North Korea’s nuclear and
missile threat after Pyongyang conducted its sixth and largest
nuclear test two days ago.
South Korean officials believe more provocation from the
reclusive state is possible, despite international outrage over
Sunday’s test and calls for more sanctions on North Korea.
South Korea’s Asia Business Daily, citing an unidentified source,
reported on Tuesday that North Korea had been spotted moving a
rocket that appeared to be an intercontinental ballistic missile
(ICBM) towards its west coast.
The rocket started moving on Monday and was spotted moving only
at night to avoid surveillance, the report said.
South Korea’s defense ministry, which warned on Monday that North
Korea was ready to launch an ICBM at any time, said they were
unable to confirm the contents of the report.
North Korea tested two ICBMs in July that could fly about 10,000
km (6,200 miles), putting many parts of the U.S. mainland within
range and prompting a new round of international sanctions
On Monday, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was “begging for war” and urged
the 15-member U.N. Security Council to impose the “strongest
possible” sanctions to deter him and shut down his trading
U.S. President Donald Trump held calls with foreign leaders on
Monday, including South Korean President Moon Jae-in and German
Chancellor Angela Merkel, and the White House declared that “all
options to address the North Korean threat are on the table”.
South Korea is talking to Washington about deploying aircraft
carriers and strategic bombers to the Korean peninsula, and has
been ramping up its own defenses in the meantime.
Moon and Trump agreed on Monday to scrap a warhead weight limit
on South Korea’s missiles, South Korea’s presidential office
said, enabling it to strike North Korea with greater force in the
event of a military conflict. The White House said Trump gave
“in-principle approval” to the move.
“We believe the unlimited warhead payload will be useful in
responding to North Korea’s nuclear and missile threats,” Defence
Ministry spokesman Moon Sang-gyun told a briefing on Tuesday.
Under the current guidelines, last changed in 2012, South Korea
can develop missiles up to a range of 800 km (500 miles) with a
maximum payload of 500 kg (1,102 pounds)
South Korea’s navy also held more drills on Tuesday.
“Today’s training is being held to prepare for maritime North
Korean provocations, inspect our navy’s readiness and to reaffirm
our will to punish the enemy,” an unidentified South Korean naval
officer told the same Defence Ministry briefing.
Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images
“Patience not unlimited”
Speaking at the United Nations, Haley said the United States
would circulate a new Security Council resolution on North Korea
this week and wanted a vote on it on Monday.
“War is never something the United States wants. We don’t want it
now. But our country’s patience is not unlimited. We will defend
our allies and our territory,” Haley said.
China, North Korea’s main ally and trading partner,
and Russia called for a peaceful resolution to the crisis.
“China will never allow chaos and war on the
(Korean) peninsula,” said Liu Jieyi, the Chinese ambassador to
the United Nations, urging North Korea to stop taking actions
that were “wrong” and not in its own interests.
Russia said peace in the region was in jeopardy.
“Sanctions alone will not help solve the issue,” Russia’s U.N.
Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said.
North Korea has been under U.N. sanctions since 2006 over its
ballistic missile and nuclear programs.
Typically, China and Russia only view a
test of a long-range missile or a nuclear weapon as a trigger for
further possible U.N. sanctions.
U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis warned of a “massive” military
response if the United States or its allies were threatened in
the wake of Sunday’s test. Pyongyang said it had successfully
tested an advanced hydrogen bomb for a long-range missile on
Sunday, something experts believe it has now achieved or is very
close to achieving.
Trump has previously vowed to stop North Korea developing nuclear
weapons and said he would unleash “fire and fury” if it
threatened U.S. territory.
Despite the tough talk, the immediate focus of the international
response was on tougher economic sanctions.
Diplomats have said the Security Council could now consider
banning North Korean textile exports and its national airline,
stop supplies of oil to the government and military, prevent
North Koreans from working abroad and add top officials to a
blacklist to subject them to an asset freeze and travel ban.
The sanctions imposed after July’s missile tests aimed to slash
Pyongyang’s $3 billion annual export revenue by a third by
banning exports of coal, iron, lead and seafood.