erosion in the Cửa Đại beach of Hội An City, Quảng Nam Province, took
place in 2016, due to climate change, resulting in rising sea level,
eating away the coastline.
However, in the next three months, there is little chance of storms and
tropical depressions making landfall. In April and May, the transition
period between dry and rainy seasons, adverse phenomenon such as
thunderstorms, lightning and whirlwind, hail will appear in higher
frequency over the whole country, especially in the northern region,
Central Highlands and the southern region.
Sea waves and sea level, which have enjoyed a peaceful period this year
thanks to rather weak and infrequent cold snaps coming from the north,
will get stirred up in May, due to early storms.
ENSO, short for El Niño-Southern Oscillation – the combination of El
Niño and La Niña, which is “a naturally occurring phenomenon that
involves periodic fluctuation in sea surface temperature and air
pressure in the equatorial Pacific Ocean,” will complicate forecasts.
In 2017 January and February, record high temperature has occurred in
the northern winter season, while unusually high rainfall hit the
southern and central highlands regions.
From March to May, the weather forecast indicates a 0.5-1 degree
Celcius higher than average temperature amidst reduced and belated
rainfall compared to other years’ period in the north and northern
The agency also predicted a shortage of water – even drought – in some
localities, such as the northeast region, central provinces of Thanh Hoá
and Nghệ An, and Gia Lai, Đắk Lắk in the Central Highlands.
Salinisation threats posed to the southern region in the coming dry
season will be on the same level as the 2013-2014 period, meaning a
relief from the 2016 issues. Peak salinisation might come in late March.