Recently there has been a buzz among people regarding this “new” thing happening in the world politics, and it is called The South China Sea “controversy.” There are statistics that indicate that China has colonized, or rather, claimed approximately 90 percent of that area. This dispute involves countries like Taiwan, Malaysia, Vietnam and a few more.
So where exactly is the dispute and what is it about?
There have been disputes concerning Spratly and Paracel Islands, and area that bounds the Gulf of Tonkin. Also, there is a dispute in interest which includes fishing areas around the two archipelagos, regarding the exploitation of crude oil and natural gas under various parts of the South China Sea. Other than that this area is also one of the busiest shipping routes in the world and recently there has been a figurative rise in the oil demands of China.
The 2011 agreement
There was an agreement in 2011 which stated protection of the environment, scientific research, search and rescue and combating transnational crime although the issue of drilling for oil remained unresolved. The Chinese Foreign Ministry, without referring to India’s name stated that the deal that was signed between ONGC of India and PetroVietnam of Vietnam was a deal that was between Vietnam and India and not China.
Curbing the growing power of China
Different leaders have said different things which include the former President of Philippians, Obama, Narendra Modi and so on and so forth. The US has recently ordered the patrolling of that area by their ships and Japan has also joined in this venture as leaders all around the world think that it is necessary to check and curb the growing powers of China to prevent any other upcoming disaster in the future.
Different countries have said and passed different laws and currently, the matter remains unresolved as there has been no agreement between the Chinese Government with India, Indonesia, the United States or other countries like Thailand, Laos or even East Timor. #Foreign Affairs